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Common Symptoms of Tooth Decay

Oral health is an important aspect of overall wellness which is sometimes disregarded. Your dental health is crucial to your overall wellness. Tooth decay as well as gum disease are caused by poor oral care, which can have major ramifications for your general health. Tooth decay in grownups can result in loss of teeth, infection, or even put the cardiovascular system at danger.

Among the most essential strategies to maintain your teeth in excellent shape and avoid other difficulties is to avoid tooth decay or fillings.

What exactly is dental decay?

Tooth decay is defined as damage to the surface of a tooth, also known as the enamel. It occurs when harmful bacteria produce acids that destroy your teeth’s enamel. Cavities (dental caries) are holes in your teeth caused by tooth decay. If untreated, dental decay can lead to discomfort, infections, and sometimes even tooth loss. Tooth decay, trust this or not, is among the world’s most serious health issues today. Young kids, teens, as well as the aging are more prone to tooth decay.

Additionally, if tooth decay is not addressed, it can soon develop into cavities that grow larger and ultimately harm the deeper layers of a human’s teeth.

What are the causes of tooth decay?

Bacteria abound in our mouths. Some bacteria can be beneficial. However, some, such as those that contribute to tooth decay, can be hazardous. Plaque is formed when bacteria interact with food to produce a soft, sticky coating. Plaque bacteria produce acids from the sugar and starch in your food and drink. The acids start to chip away at your enamel’s minerals. The plaque might solidify into tartar with time. Plaque as well as tartar can aggravate your gums and develop gingivitis, in addition to harming your teeth.

Fluoride can be found in toothpaste, freshwater, and other products. This fluoride, together with your salvia, aids in the restoration of the enamel by replenishing minerals. The whole day round, your teeth go through the whole normal process of destroying and acquiring minerals. The enamel will continue to lose minerals if people don’t take better care of your teeth and/or consume and drink a lot of sweet or starchy foods. Tooth decay is the result of this.

It’s possible that a white patch will form where minerals have been lost. This is a precursor to dental decay. At this stage, you may be able to halt or cure the decay. If you brush your teeth properly and avoid sugary/starchy foods and beverages, your enamel can still heal.

However, if the deterioration continues, additional minerals will be lost. Enamel weakens and deteriorates with time, causing a cavity to emerge. A cavity is a hole in your tooth that may be filled with a filling material. A dentist must use a filling to fix the damage, which is irreversible.

Common Symptoms of Tooth Decay

There are various symptoms that a cavity is starting to form. A lot of red flags indicate that an existent cavity is growing bigger.

The most frequent indicators that you may have a cavity are listed below.

Sensitivity to heat and cold

It’s possible that lingering sensitivity after consuming hot or cold food is an indication of a cavity. Whenever the enamel on your tooth begins to erode away, the dentin, that is the hard tissue layer beneath the enamel, may be affected. Dentin is made up of thousands of small hollow tubes.

Foods that really are hot, cold, greasy, or acidic might excite the cells and nerve within your tooth if there isn’t enough enamel to protect it. This is what causes the sensitivity you’re experiencing.

Sweet sensitivity

Although heat and cold sensitivities has been the most prevalent symptom of dental decay, Dr. Pogodzinski, believes prolonged sensitivity to candies and sugary beverages can also indicate dental decay.

A persistent ache from sweets is generally the consequence of harm to the enamel and, most particularly, the onset of a cavity, comparable to heat sensitivity.

Annoying Taste

The acidity shifts that produce foul breath can also leave a lingering nasty taste on your tongue. Tooth decay might be at fault if you have a terrible taste that won’t go away after regular brushing.


Cavities are by far the most visible indicator of dental decay and are formed by acid secretion generated when oral bacteria dissolves leftover meals and sweets. A pain in one or maybe more teeth might suggest the presence of a cavity. Pain is, in essence, among the most prevalent tooth decay symptoms.

This soreness might strike out of nowhere or be triggered by anything you consume. Extreme pain in or around the mouth are examples of this. As you chew down on food, you may also experience discomfort and stress.

Tooth staining

White patches on your teeth might be the first sign of a stain. The discoloration will darken as the tooth decay progresses. A cavity can leave a brown, charcoal, or white stain on the tooth’s enamel.

A tooth that has a hole or a pit in it

If the white mark on your tooth (which indicates the beginning of a cavity) gets worse, you should seek medical attention. You will develop a hole or pit in your teeth, which you will be possible to notice in the mirror or feel by running your tongue over the enamel surface.

A few holes, particularly those between your teeth or in crevices, are invisible or difficult to detect. However, you may still have discomfort or hypersensitivity in the hollow area. Schedule an appointment with your dentist if you see a crack or pit in your tooth. This is a telltale symptom that you have decayed teeth.


As a cavity expands in size, black patches appear on the tooth surfaces. This discoloration is frequently mistaken for caffeine, tea, or cigarette stains. Examine your teeth on a constant basis to detect early discoloration problems.

Irritation of the gums

When cavities grow along the gingival margin, tooth decay can swiftly affect the soft tissues of the gums. It’s important to see your dentist if you’re experiencing symptoms of gingivitis, like bleeding or swollen gums.

No Symptoms

Sadly, tooth decay without visible symptoms may not always be easy to detect. After dental regular cleaning or x-rays, some cavities are discovered.

Last Thoughts

Do not delay to contact us at All Kind Smiles if you have tooth sensitivities, pain, irritation, discoloration, or holes. The earlier a cavity is detected, the less intrusive and effective the treatment will be.